Turkey is talking about its recent history these days. Many of these conversations take place under the direction of political party leaders and the “feeding” historians who feed and nurture them. The slogans of shallow historians can only be material for political party group meetings. They could not produce any academic work, copy whatever they wanted from the books on the market and throwing away whatever they wanted, compiling the real name, the name of the merchants famous for their “works” in the market, mosque – barn; In this issue, İlber Ortaylı teacher put the last point by writing the mosques that Menderes had demolished; I will observe with curiosity how the Turkish nation will benefit ten years from their extraordinary historiography, which does not go beyond discussion.
Historiography, in a sense, means bringing a work that is not there to the light of day. They say that we collect the existing books and write their name on them as compilations… No, if this is called historiography, I can prepare a book in fifteen minutes on the subject of Hüseyin Nihal Atsız, the person with whom I have the best talent, by copy-paste method without adding any sentences. So maybe they call me a “historian”…
I’m saying that historiography is about revealing a work that doesn’t exist; this also means transferring texts with old letters to new letters due to our alphabet change. Here is a good example on this subject, “Sivas Congress Minutes”, which Uluğ İldemir has conveyed completely to the present day and published by the Turkish Historical Society Publications…
The minutes almost bring that day to the present and allow you to visualize the events as if they were there. When we read the congress minutes, we see the important issues of the Sivas Congress.
The most important event that occupied the congress is the issue of mandate (cooperation). The mandate issue has been widely discussed at the Congress floor and has garnered supporters. İsmail Hami (Danishmend), who we know today with his work on Ottoman history and whose political life, as far as I know, ended in the Sivas Congress, is one of the names who advocated cooperation. We can see from his speeches that Rauf Bey (Orbay) also takes this issue warmly. As a matter of fact, Atatürk attaches importance to these speeches of Rauf Bey while writing the Nutuk and criticizes these speeches in his work. İsmail Hami Bey and other advocates of cooperation, who had no political influence in his period, were excluded from the Speech read in 1927. This is very important.
Another issue that the Congress discussed especially in the first sessions is the issue of Unionism. The Sivas Congress Delegation, which was declared by Dersaadet to be the continuation of the Committee of Union and Progress, which was seen as “cursed” in its period, found the solution by preparing an oath text that means “We are not Unionists” and reading this text. Fazıl Pasha, who put forward the proposal, said:
“Sir, those who are against the national movement accuse us of being a Unionist; none of us can deny that this accusation will have a very bad effect internally and externally.”
After his words that continue in this context, Fazil Pasha puts out an oath that ends with “I will not work for the revival of the Committee of Union and Progress…”. The text is discussed for a while, it is discussed whether to take an oath only on not working in favor of the Unionists or against all kinds of sectarianism. As a result, the oath that does not mention the Unionism, the text of which I have given below, is taken and the text of the oath is sent to be published in the newspapers:
“Continuation of the discussion of the congress, based on the fact that we have no other aim and aim than to serve the caliphate and the sultanate, Islam, the state, nation and country spiritually and materially. I swear, on behalf of my honor and all my sanctity, that I will work with a determination and faith that is free from personal passion, politics and sectarianism as long as I can.
The place where the “ghost” of the Unionism ended is not the Sivas Congress. Until the murders of the three important names of the Union and Progress, Talat, Enver and Cemal Pashas, they were seen as an alternative to Turkey in the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and after a possible failure of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, it was adopted by some as a “remedial to save the country”. The complete elimination of the Unionist movement from Turkey would only be possible with the trials after the Izmir Assassination.
Speaking of important names of the Union and Progress, I feel the need to say a word about the neglected Abide-i Hürriyet Hill, where the tombs of Talat, Enver, Mithat and Mahmut Şevket Pasha are located. Although the current situation is cleaner than the photographs published by Murat Bardakçı, where the winemakers are running around, I think that the graves of statesmen and patriots should be protected more carefully.
Considering that there are many traitors waiting to spit on the graves of patriots in Turkey, its necessity becomes inevitable.